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It was great to see everyone today.  I hope that we meet again, and I wish you all the best!



He received the capital punishment.

He received the death penalty. 


Do you have time?

Do you have the time?


He is out of office.

He is out of the office.


John has cat

John has a cat.  


Where’s a paper????

Where’s the paper?


I ate cake.  cakeしかたべていない

I ate the cake.

I ate a cake.

I ate a piece of cake.  


I talked to the queen.

I talked to queen

I talked to a queen.




We stayed at

   a Hilton Hotel.

   the Hilton Hotel.

   Hilton Hotel.


He is a (cartoon) character. 

He has (noble) character. 


Don’t look at a / the / __ sun.

We had a / the / __ chicken.

I want to have a / the / __ dog.

I bought a / the / __ red book.

I bought a book called Red Book.  

Bring me a / the / __ newspaper.

I think I’ll buy a / the / __ brown hat.

I need to go to a / the / __ store.

Do you have a / the / __ paper?

I ate cake for a / the / __ dessert.

She doesn’t like a / the / __ beer.

Is a / the / __ water boiling yet?


A / The / __ dog is a / the / __ faithful animal.

Dogs are faithful animals.

The dog is a faithful animal.  

Dogs are the most faithful animal.


Is this a / the / __ Toyota?

I bought two software -s / __.

She has a lot of information -s / __.

She has two bits of information.  

I have three luggage -s / __.

I have three pieces of luggage.  

I work in a / the / __ hospital.

I need to go to the hospital. 

I need to go to Hospital.  

I went to a / the / __ school.

A / The / __  tiger is a / the / __ dangerous animal.

●The tiger is a dangerous animal. 

△A tiger is a dangerous animal. 

◉Tigers are dangerous animals.  

I talked to a / the / __ Queen.

Bill Smith is a / the / __ doctor.

A / The / __ translator is a / the / __ Japanese.

◉The translator is Japanese. 

△The translator is a Japanese.  


I talked to the Japanese. 

I talked to a Japanese. 

The Japanese enjoy the spring. 

Japanese enjoy (the) spring.  

Americans eat a lot. 

The Americans eat a lot. 

The Americans never lie.  

X  The Americans always lie. 

--> Americans always lie.  

The Americans are very smart. 

He is American.

He’s an American.  


The car over there is mine.

One of the cars over there is mine.  

George is a Buddhist.

George is Buddhist, and so am I.  

Alice ate an apple.  The apple was spoiled.

I bought a  book.  The  book was about rainforests.

Taro lives near  Mount Fuji.

I’ve never seen thePacific Ocean.

My family lives in northern Japan.

Coffee is a popular drink.

The water in this city is safe to drink.

Honesty is important in business.

The decision she made was correct.

Let’s go to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

My uncle lives in Mexico.

We had breakfast at 8:00 this morning.

Hiroshi goes to work by  taxi.

Bill is at school now.

The book was about rainforests.

You have the wrong number.

A lady called me yesterday.

A Mr. Green is here.

I had a good time.

He’s a negative thinker.

What’s the difference?

What are the differences?

A / The strong yen is a  negative factor.

What a beautiful moon!


The weather report

Good morning. This is _____ weekend weather report from _____ CNB Channel. Yesterday was rainy, but I’m happy to report that today will be mostly warm and sunny. If you’re planning to do something outside on _____ weekend, you have nothing to worry about. _____ temperature will reach as high as 24 degrees on _____Saturday and 26 on Sunday. But on Sunday, later in _____ evening, _____ few rain clouds will move into our area, bringing _____ 40 percent chance of showers. Monday is expected to be rainy again, and _____ temperatures will likely reach _____ high of just _____ 22. Please stay tuned for _____ daily updates.



Asking for directions

Hello. We’re looking for _____ museum.

Is that _____ museum with _____ Picasso exhibition?

I think so, but I’m not sure. I think it’s somewhere near _____ big park.

There are a lot of big parks, and there are two museums near here. One’s _____ modern arts museum, and _____ other is _____ ceramics museum.

Oh, then it’s _____ modern arts museum.

You’re going in _____ right direction. Just keep going straight and turn left at _____ second stoplight. Then go _____ block, and turn left. Soon you’ll come to _____ big park. It’s inside _____ park.

Is it _____ big building?

Yes, it’s _____ big red building with _____ tower on top.

Okay. Can you show me where it is on this map?

Um, let me see. We’re here now, and here’s _____ museum. I think this is _____ best way.

Okay, thanks a lot.

Sure. ...Oh! I just remembered something. _____ Queen is visiting _____ museum today, so you might need _____ special ticket.

Well, actually, I do have _____ special ticket.

You do?

Yes, _____ Queen invited me. We’re good friends.

Really? You don’t have _____ extra ticket, do you?

Actually, I do. How about joining me?

That sounds like great fun!



●●●A problem is your chance to do your best.

困難こそが最善を尽くせる好機であるDuke Ellington(デューク・エリントン)

●●●A wise man makes more opportunities than he finds.

賢者は自ら機会を創り出す。見つかるまで待つことは少ない。Francis Bacon

●●●The optimist laughs to forget. The pessimist forgets to laugh.


●●●Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.

失敗したことのない人は、新しいことにひとつも挑戦しなかった人であるAlbert Einstein(アルバート・アインシュタイン)

●●●Diligence is the mother of good luck.

勤勉は幸運の母である。Benjamin Franklin(ベンジャミン・フランクリン) 

●●●Failure is a detour, not a dead-end street.

失敗は遠回りだ。行き止まりなどではないZig Zigler(ジグ・ジグラー)

●●●Success is never a destination -- it is a journey.

成功とは終着点ではなく、その旅路をいう。Statenig St. Marie(スタテニグ・セイント マリー) アメリカのノンフィクションライター、 Statenig St. Marie(スタテニグ・セイント マリー)の言葉。

●●●The future depends on what we do in the  present.

未来はわれわれの現在の行動にかかっているMahatma Gandhi (マハトマ・ガンジー)

●●●A/The pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity. An/The optimist sees opportunity in every difficulty.

悲観主義者はあらゆる好機に困難を見つけだす。楽観主義者はあらゆる困難の中にこそ好機を見出だす。Winston Churchill(ウィンストン・チャーチル)

●●●The road to success is always under construction.

成功への道程は常に工事中であるArnold Palmer(アーノルド・パーマー) お馴染み Arnold Palmer(アーノルド・パーマー:1929- )

●●●There is always a better way.

よりよい方法というものは、常に存在するものであるThomas Edison(トーマス・エジソン)

●●●When you come to a roadblock, take a detour.

道を塞がれたなら遠回りすればよいだけのことMary Kay Ash(メアリ・アッシュ)


history of the world

history of a world


"The whole history of the world is summed up in the fact that, when nations are strong, they are not always just, and when they wish to be just, they are no longer strong."

Winston Churchill


"The first duty of a university is to teach wisdom, not a trade; character, not technicalities. We want a lot of engineers in the modern world, but we do not want a world of engineers."

Winston Churchill


"And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country."

John F. Kennedy



"Let us never negotiate out of fear;but let us never fear to negotiate."

John F. Kennedy



"Mankind must put an end to war, or war will put an end to mankind."

John F. Kennedy



"Liberty without learning is always in peril and learning without liberty is always in vain."

John F. Kennedy


"Each success brings with it the potential of failure and each failure brings with it the potential of success."

John F. Kennedy


"Today, every inhabitant of this planet must contemplate the day when

this planet may no longer be habitable."

John F. Kennedy


"Don't worry that other people don't know you; worry that you don't know other people."

Confucioius, Analects--1.16.


"He acts before he speaks, and afterwards speaks according to his actions.

Confucioius, Analects--2.13.




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